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糖尿病饮食怎么搭配?一张图告诉你!

2019-10-18 00:35 来源:豫青网

  糖尿病饮食怎么搭配?一张图告诉你!

  AgraduatingstudentatahighschoolinFuyang,Anhuiprovince,preparesfortheupcomingnationalcollegeentranceexam,May29,2018.[Photo/VCG]Gaokao,thenationalcollegeentranceexam,isnottheonlyroutetoapromisingfutureforthoseborninthe2000s,,conductedbyportalwebsiteSina,suggestsoverhalfofrespondentsborninthe2000sbelievethegaokaoisnolongera"life-changingmatter".Nearlyhalfthepolledstudents—whowillsitfortheupcominggaokao—and70percentofintervi,,atraditionalwayforstudentstobeadmittedtoinstitutionsofhigherlearning,morethanone-fourthofthosepolledplantoreceivehighereducationthroughpursuingdegreesoverseas,,000students,,asthecollegeenrollmentrateinCemajorsthemselves,whileoverone-fourthalread,,scheduledforJune7and8.[]Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,

,IcanrememberthatanticipationonthecuspofamomentwhenaneconomyshistoricsummitbetweenUSPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-uninSingapore,,aspecialeconomicadvisertotheDPRKPremierPakBong-ju,hassaid:"TherehasbeenaverydistinctshiftwithinChairmanKim(Jong-un)hassurroundedhimselfw,"Morespecifically,Pyongyangislookingtothemodelsofopening-upandreformadoptedbyChina,RKJong-untoproceedindirecteconomicengagement,regardlessoftherollercoasterabout-facedecisionsorTwitterfeedsofTrump,heraldsaneraofcross-borderinvestmentsthatisreminiscentofthedayswhenHongKongledallglobalinvestmentsontheChin,thedynamicsoftheKoreanPen,theDPRKsGDPhassoared17percentdrivenbyaconstr,w,,thenumberofmobilephoneusersintheDPRKhasincreasedto3mil$,whichtheDPRK,whenwilltheUnitedStatesliftthesanctionsIntheend,justasimsforlayingdowna:whenUSsanctionsagainstanationarelifted,economiesopenup,reformoccursandpeople,,tradeceases,andinfor:opennessofcapital,tradeandfreeflowofideas,,economicsanctionsareonernationalfellowattheCenterforChinaandGlobalization.Studentsboarda"gaokaotrain"atDayangshutownshipinNorthChinasInnerMongoliaAutonomousRegion,June5,2017.[Photo/VCG],,thenationalcollegeentranceexamination,,,boardedthetrainonTuesdaywithherclassmates."Thetripmaybethelasttimewearealltogether,"saidLu,"gaokaotrain"departonitstwo-and-half-hourjourneymanytimesasgenerationsofherschoolmatesleftfortheexamination,sInnerMongoliaAutonom,studen,the"gaokaotrain"departsonJune5,($2).Beforethecharteredtrainservicebeganin2003,,"gaokaotrain"asshewasworriedthatthebumpyjourneywouldinevitablyaffectherperformance.","saidMeng,,thetrainhascarriedmorethan30,,,,includingstudentsandparents,hasdeclinedfrom1,300atitspeakto500thisyear,saidChenRuqing,,thericketyoldgreentrainhasbeenreplacedwithaneweronewithairconditioning,andphotographeronboardwillpreservethememoriesofwhatisaveryspecialdayinthelivesofthoseaboard."Althoughwelosemoneybyoperatingthetrain,wewillkeeprunningaslongasitisneeded,"Chensaid.

  WatchtoseehowthispressattacheoftheembassyofPakistanreflectsonPresidentXiJinping,PressAttacheoftheEmbassyofPakistanWatchtoseehowthisRussianreporterfromSPUTNIKNewsAgencyandRadioBeijingbureaureflectsonPresidentXiJinping,SPUTNIKNewsAgencyandRadioBeijingbureauchiefWatchthisreporterfromRussiaandChinaMagazinesharehisthoughtsontheShanghaiCooperationOrganization,Chinasref,RussiaandChinaMagazineReporterfromRussiaTodaytalkstoChinaDailyaboutQingdao,ShanghaiCooperationOrganizationandChina,RussiaTodayATridentSeafoodsAlaskanfishingtendervesselispicturedinKetchikanharbor,Alaska,US,July6,2012.[Photo/IC]SANFRANCISCO-GovernmentandbusinessofficialsfromtheUSNorthweststateofAlaskahaveagreedthatatrademissiontoChinalastmonthwasvaluable,,whichconcludedonMay30,AlaskaGovernorBillWalkerwasworkinghardtopromotehisstatesresourcestotheworldssecondlargesteconomy,rangingfromAlaskasseafood,energy,sportsfacilitiessuchasaski-trainingbase,tourismandwinterresortvenues,saidtheTVchannel."Wemetwithsomecompaniesthathavemoreemployeesthanwehaveresidents,andsoitgivesyouanideaofthesizeofthecompaniesthatareinterestedinAlaska,"dpositivelyandareconsideringatriptoAlaskatotapthestatespotentialforwintersportstrainingfacilities,,governmentaffairsdirectorofTridentSeafoods,saidthetripwas"beneficial"tohercompany,sgrowingmiddle-incomepopulationwillincreasedemand,sseafood,thestate$,founderandownerofababyfoodcompanyinAlaska,alsocitedthestronginterestofChinesecustomersin"thepurityofnaturalAlaskaproducts."Theparentsofthe18millionbabiesborneachyearinChinacouldbeavaluablemarket,shesaid.

  Thetopscorerin2015nationalcollegeentranceexaminChongqing.[Photo/IC]Thecountrystopeducationauthorityhasissuedanoticeonbanningpublicityoftopscorersingaokao,ornationalcollegeentranceexamination,bsite,sthefirsttimethattheministryhastakwhodosowillbedealtwithseriously,ChenBaosheng,ministerofeducation,saidatarecenttop-le,,,reinforcedtheideaofexam-orientededucationandworsenedthesocialenvironmentforeducationreformanddevelopment,saidWangKai,reefromtheshacklesofmoneyandfameandreturnittoitsoriginalgoalofnurturingstudents.Aviewof51TalksBeijingoffice.[]InFebruary,51TalkheldapressconferenceinBeijinganddecidedtousethe"51Talk"brandexclusivelytorepresentitsK-12onlineEnglisheducationofferings,,therevenueforthecompanysK-12businessaccountedforalmost80percentofthetotal,andtheCEOexpectedthefiguretoexceed85percentthisyear."FromanEnglishtrainingprovidertargetedatadultuserstoanonlineeducationalcompanythatfocusesmoreonK-12business,,",51TalkwasofficiallylistedontheNewYorkStockExchangeonJune10,ingpublic,Huangalsosaidhewasconfidentin51Talksfuturegrowth."ThegrossmarginofPhilippineteacherscanreach65percent,whilethefigureisbetween30and40percentforforeignteachersinNorthAmerica,"Huangsaid."Andthehighcostperformanceofthecoursesisappealingtomanyfamilies,especiallyforthosemiddle-incomegroupsatChinesesmallercities."

[Photo/VCG]TheWhiteHouseonTuesdayissuedastatementannouncingthatitwastakingsteps"toprotectdomestictechnologyandintellectualproperty"fromwhatitcalledChinas"discriminatoryandburdensometradepractices".Thestepsincludea25percenttariffon$50billionworthofChinesegoodscontaining"industrialsignificanttechnology"–withalisttobereleasedbyJune15–alongwiththeimplemenetaryStevenMnuchindeclaredtheloomingtradewarwithChinahadbeenputonhold,andaheadofthearrivalofUSCommesMinistryofCommercerespondedbysayingitwassurprisedbythemovewhichwascontrarytotheconsensusreachedinWashingtonearlierthismonth,butsaiditwaswithinChinascommonpgtonthatitwouldbeinboththeirintereststoavoidatradewar,,notablyastheWhiteHousestatementmakesclearaswellashavingabeeinitsbonnetaboutthetradedeficitwithChina,theTrumpadministrationnowhasanotheraboutChinasMadeinChina2025isablueprintformovingChinasindustryhigherupthevaluechain,andthishaspromptedtheTrumpadministrationtotryanddefendtheUShigh-techadvantagesbyaccusingChinaofforcedtechnologytransfersandintellectualpropertytheft,andusingthethreatofthetariffsandrestrictionstocoerceChinatoenhanceUScompaniesaccesstotheChinesemarketto"expandexports".ButasChineseAmbassadortotheWorldTradeOrganizationZhangXiangchensaidonMondayataWTOmeeting,theOfficeoftheUnitedStatesTradeRepresentativehasfailedtoproduce“asinglepieceofevidence”tosupportitsclaimsandthereisnothinginitsregul,onomics,China’spaymentoflicensingfeesandroyaltiesfortheuseofforeigntechnologiesreachedalmost$30billionin2017,icalleadership,achangeofperspectivewouldallowittoseethatcooperatinginhigh-techwouldmakethecakebiggerforboth.

  ,aftertheUSimposedtariffsonEUsteelandaluminumproducts.[Photo/IC]OTTAWA-TherecentUSdecisiontoimposeimportsteelandaluminumtariffsonCanada,MexicoandtheEuropeanUnion,andothers,isexpectedtobea"frontandcenter"issueattheGroupofSeven(G7)summitthatwillbeginonFridayinQuebec,aformerCanadianprimeministersaidonThursday."YouregoingtohavethemajorityoftheG7countrieswantingtodealwiththis,aswasthecasewiththefinanceministerswhentheymetinWhistler(aresortmunicipalityintheCanadianprovinceofBritishColumbia),"saidPaulMartin,whoisalsoaformerCanadianfinanceminister,rneyandInternationalMonetaryFundManagingDirectorChristineLagardeduringthemeetingofG7financeministersandcentralbankgovernorslastweek,whichwaschairedbyCanadianFinanceMinisterBillMorneau."MinistersandGovernorshadafrankexchangeonthebenefitsofanopenrules-basedtradingsystemandmanyhighlightedthenegativeimpactofunilateraltradeactionsbytheUnitedStates,"saidastatementissuedaftertheG7financeministersmeeting."MinistersandGovernorsagreedthatthisdiscussionshouldcontinueattheLeadersSummitinCharlevoix,(Quebec),free,fair,predictableandmutuallybeneficialtrade,",whoparticipatedinbothG7financeministersmeetingsandleaderssummitsasprimeministerwhentheforumwasconfiguredastheG8toincludeRussia,toldXinhuathatCanadasharshresponsetotheUStariffswas"warranted"andnotedthat"neverinmytimehaveIseenanissuewhichhassogalvanizedpeople"atthosegatherings."ThepurposeoftheGs-whethertheG7ortheG20-istoessentiallygivethepertinentministersandtheleaderstheopportunitytodealwithissuesofthiskindandhopefullypreventissuesofthiskind,"explainedMartin,whoservedasCanadasprimeministerfrom2003to2006,andasthecountrynministerChrystiaFreeland,did"exactlywhattheyshouldhavedone"inrespondingtoUSPresidentDonaldTrump$,aluminumandotherproducts-rangingfromcoffeeandcandytotoiletpaperandtablecloths-totakeeffectonJuly1,unlesstheTrumpadministrationwithdrewits25-percenttariffonCanasretaliatoryreplyis"thestrongesttradeactionCanadahastakensincetheSecondWorldWar,",,andhoped"thatatsomepoint...commonsensewillprevail,"hetoldreportersataMay31,suchasclimatechange,genderequality,andtheCompactforAfricainitiatedbyGermanylastyearwhenithostedtheG20financeministersandcentralbankgovernorsmeetingtopromoteprivateinvestmentinAfrica,includingininfrastructure."WearenttalkingenoughaboutAfrica,"saidMartin,whoasCanadianfinanceministerproposedtheideaofaG20in1999withthesupportofthenUSTreasurySecretaryLarrySummers."Africaisgoingtohavethelargestpopulationbaseofanycontinentin25years,andIreallydobelievethathelpingAfricathroughwhatisaverydifficultperiodnowwillbenefittheworldenormouslyandthisisarolethattheG7andG20mustplay."

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.FireworksandalightshowcolortheQingdaoskylineduringaperformancetowelcomeleadersattendingthe18thSh/CHINADAILYAstunningspectacleontheseainQingdaowelcomedoverseasleadersanddelegatesintow,whichlastedabout20minutes,wasamixtureofclassicalandmodernChinesestylesandfeaturedagiantglobeasitscenterpiece,symbolizingthenation,anancientChinesepieceofmusic,openedproceedingsbeforevariousroutinesinvolvingabout100performersandalightshowincorporatingtheskyscrapersalongtheeasterncitysFushanBay."Itsthefirsttimethestageforsuchagalahasinteractedwithacitysskylineandthesea,"saidZhangYimou,theshowsdirector."Wewantedtousetheoceantorepresentinclusiveness."Atonepoint,an"astronaut"emergedfromtheglobe,anelementZhangsaidrepresentedhowtheG20SummitinHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince,,ashowtheydevisedwasperformedattheclosingceremonyatthePyeongchangWinterOlympicsinSouthKorea,withthenextGamestobeco-hostedbyBeijing."Coastalcitiescreateadreamlikefeeling,"YisaidshortlybeforeSaturdaysgala."Ifwedowell,QingdaowillleaveagreatimpressionintheheartsofpeoplewatchingathomeonTV."Despitetheirrichexperience,YisaidthereweremanydifficultiesinpreparingfortheQingdaogala,,butat,hesaid,addingthatheavyfoghadshroudedFushanBayandonlyclearedonSaturday."Wehadtoprepareforthetoughestofsituations,",realisticmakeupandcostumesoverabstractdesignsas"natural,confidentsmilesarethebestwaytotouchanaudience".QingdaoisinShandongprovince,thebirthplaceofancientphilosopherConfuciusandhometoTaishanMountain,,,mixingtraditionalculturewithahigh-techapproachwasanimportantpartofSaturdaysgala,reflectingChinasrisingeconomicandtechnicalpower."Chinanotonlyhasalonghistorybutmanymodernelements,,wewantedtoshowtheChinesepeoplesspiritthroughtheshow,"hesaid,addingthathefeelsthiscombinationwillbeatrendoflarge-scaleshowsinChina.

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.

  [Photo/VCG]AWhiteHousestatementonTuesdayabouttariffsonChinasexportsclearlyrunsagainsttheconsensusreachedrecentlybythetwocountriesinWashington,on$50billionworthofChinesegoods,anditsaiditwilltargetthetariffsoncutting-edgetechnologies,"tacticalstatement"issuedbytheWhiteHouseissurprisingbutnotbeyondexpectation,theunn,Chinahastheconfidence,abilityandexperiencetosafeguardtheinterestsoftheChinesepeopleandthecountryscoreinterests,,inlinewiththerecentbilateraljointstatement,thespokespersonadded.ThesuiciderateacrosstheUnitedStateshasrisen30percentsince1999,andnearly45,000peopletooktheirlivesin2016,,withsignificantincreasesin44ofthe50states,saidthereportbytheUSCentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC).Earlierthisweek,AmericanhandbagdesignerKateSpade,55,tookherownlife,s,als,everyonecanplayar,andisrarelycausedbyasinglefactor,,whichspanned1999to2016,foundthatmorethanhalfofpeoplewhokilledthemselve,substancemisuse;physicalhealthproblems;andjob,money,legalorhousingstress,,,,Washington,,,,thetopUSpublichealthagency,saidindividualstatesneedtodomoretoboostsu:government,publichealth,healthcare,employers,education,mediaandcommunityorganizations,itadded,urgingthoseinterestedinlearningthewarningsignstovisit.

  AerialphototakenonMay4,2018showssceneryoftheFushanBayinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit.[Photo/Xinhua]QINGDAO-DazzlingagainstthecityskylineofQingdao,fireworkslitupthefacesofguestswhotraveledacrossthevastEurasiancontinenttothecoastoftheYellowSeaforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,sexpansioninJune2017whenIndiaandPakistanjoinedasfullmembers.","saidPresidentXiJinpingatawelcomedinnerSaturdayevening.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization."TheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,wasstatedintheCharteroftheSCO,acomprehensiveregionalorganizationfoundedin2001byChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,t,whichisattendedbyleadersofotherSCOmemberstatesandfourobserverstates,(BFA),XiaddressedtheopeningceremonyoftheannualconferenceoftheBFA,attendedbymorethan2,,Xiunveilednewmeasuresforexpandingreformandopeningupandheralded"anewphaseofopeningup",Shandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius."AnintegralpartofChinesecivilization,Confucianismbelievesthatajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongoodandchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,"Xitoldtheguests."ItsemphasisonunityandharmonyhasmuchincommonwiththeShanghaiSpirit."

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddee

  AstevedoreworksatQingdaoportinShandongprovince,July1,2015.[Photo/IC]BRUSSELS-ChinaandtheEuropeanUnion(EU)havebothvoicedtheirfirmobjectionstoUStariffsonsteelandaluminum,andareexpe,USPresidentDonaldTrumpannouncedinMarc,,theEUinitiatedadisputewiththeUnitedStatesattheWTO,andannouncedWednesdaythestartofapplyingrebalancingdutiesonUSproductsinJuly,aspartofthe"three-prongedresponse."InlateApril,theEUhadsoughttojointheconsultationsattheWTOrequestedbyChinawiththeUnitedStatesontheUStariffs,,EuropeanCommissionPresidentJean-ClaudeJunckerlambastedUStariffs,sayingthat"thisisprotectionism,pureandsimple.""WeregretthattheUnitedStatesleftuswithnootheroptionthantosafeguardEUinterests,",ChinasForeignMinistryspokespersonHuaChunyingsaidearlierthatunilateralismandtradeprotection,aspartofitsopening-upeffortsssecondla,atradeexpertattheIfoinstituteinMunich,saidwhileeconomicdamagefromthesteelandaluminiumtariffswouldbe"limited"atfirst,theywouldbe"onlythebeginningofarowoffurtherUSmeasures."FelbermayersuggestedtheEUmaintainaunitedfrontinoppositiontothemeasurestogetherwithotherinternationalpartnerslikeChina,,topdiplomatsofthetwosidesalreadypledgedtodeepenstrategiccooperationandsafeguardmultilateralism,asChineseStateCouncilorandForeignMinisterWangYiandEUforeignpolicychiefFedericaMogherinico-chairedt,Wangsaid,forherpart,saidthattheEUiswillingtoworkwithChinatoupholdthemultilateralsystemwiththeUnitedNationsatthecore,sprotectionismcreatesmorechaosanduncertaintiesworldwide,morere,ChinaandEU,whichsharesubstantiallythesameviewonpreservingmultilateralism,globalizationandfreetrade,,,CanadafiledachallengeattheWTOagainsttheUStari,targetingtheAmericansteel,anges,safeguardingmultilateralismandfreetradeisnotonlyatstakefortheEUandChina,butalsofortherestoftheworld,saidJuncker.[]Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,

  

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保护耕地既要守住数量红线 也要守好质量底线

2019-10-18 07:20 | 经济日报 | 手机看国搜 | 打印 | 收藏 |评论 | 扫描到手机
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核心提示:耕地红线不仅是数量上的,也是质量上的。要像保护大熊猫一样保护耕地,既要守住18.65亿亩耕地数量红线,又要守好良田沃土的耕地质量底线。而且,守住耕地质量红线没有讨价还价的余地。具体来说,今后应从监测建设、用途管制、补偿机制三方面发力耕地质量保护。

耕地红线不仅是数量上的,也是质量上的。要像保护大熊猫一样保护耕地,既要守住18.65亿亩耕地数量红线,又要守好良田沃土的耕地质量底线。而且,守住耕地质量红线没有讨价还价的余地。具体来说,今后应从监测建设、用途管制、补偿机制三方面发力耕地质量保护。

农业部耕地质量保护中心近日在北京成立,标志着我国耕地质量保护工作进入新阶段。成立全国性的耕地质量保护中心,统筹各地开展耕地质量建设,让超负荷的耕地“歇一歇”,将为农业长远发展创造条件,为子孙留下一片沃土。这既是向保护耕地迈出的关键一步,更是构建新型人地关系的重要一步。

耕地保护并非易事。我国正处于工业化、城镇化快速推进阶段,各地对建设用地的需求很大。然而,一些地方却把耕地当成建设用地的“唐僧肉”,没有履行好保护耕地的责任,对耕地占补平衡敷衍塞责。他们靠百般腾挪的建设用地指标大搞新区开发、园区建设,扮靓政绩后却留下难消的后患。

同时,农业耕作的过程也会带来耕地质量退化。近些年,农业资源超强度开发,“四海无闲田”,导致耕地退化比重较大,土壤养分失衡、污染加剧、生态调节功能减弱、基础地力后劲不足。尤其是东北黑土地退化、西北地区土壤次生盐渍化、南方一些地方土壤重金属污染,耕地已经对人们亮起了“红灯”。

事实上,加强耕地质量管理,是法律法规的明确规定。总体看,多年来各地依法开展耕地质量保护工作取得了积极成效。但制度不完善、机制不健全、职能不到位、项目有交叉等问题依然较为突出,由此导致耕地后备资源不断减少,实现耕地占补平衡、占优补优的难度日趋加大,耕地保护面临多重压力。

万物土中生,耕地是我国最为宝贵的资源,关系十几亿人的吃饭大事,绝不能有任何闪失。耕地红线不仅是数量上的,也是质量上的。只有扎紧耕地保护的篱笆,才能筑牢国家粮食安全的基石。要像保护大熊猫一样保护耕地,既要守住18.65亿亩耕地数量红线,又要守好良田沃土的耕地质量底线。质量比数量更为隐蔽和无形,但在守住耕地质量红线方面,同样没有讨价还价的余地。为此,今后应从监测建设、用途管制、补偿机制三方面发力耕地质量保护。

加快耕地质量监测建设是耕地保护的前提。目前,全国耕地质量监测点仅有357个,代表性还不够,监测内容还不完善。要结合科学规划、加密布点,构建起覆盖粮食主产区和主要农产品功能区的调查监测网络,夯实调查监测与评价工作的基础。特别要重点监测东北黑土地退化区、华北地下水超采区、南方重金属污染区,准确掌握耕地质量现状。

坚持土地用途管制是耕地保护的底线。同一块地,种粮食的收益远比不过“种”房子的。因此,一方面,农地农用没有商量余地,不能因为比较效益低而放弃,违法必须受到严惩,要通过法律而不是土地所有者或使用者意愿决定土地用途;另一方面,新型城镇化是以人为本的城镇化。保障新型城镇化用地需求,就要合理统筹生产、生活、生态等各类用地。严格控制新增建设用地规模,并与农业转移人口落户数量挂钩,以人定地、地随人走。

健全耕地保护补偿机制是耕地保护的手段。一方面,要加强对耕地保护责任主体的补偿激励。推进各级涉农资金整合,按照谁保护、谁受益的原则,对承担耕地保护任务的村集体和农户给予奖补,并与落实情况挂钩;另一方面,要实行跨地区补充耕地的利益调节。支持占用耕地地区通过支付调剂费用、产业转移等方式,对口扶持补充耕地地区,从而调动其保护耕地的积极性。

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